Hydration: Hypertonic, Hypotonic, Isotonic

Hydration: Hypertonic, Hypotonic, Isotonic

 

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Hydration for optimum health should be one of our top priorities every day. When recovering from illness, fighting dehydration can prove difficult and too often people turn to sports drinks to supplement. The problem with this is that sports drinks are not well suited for illness recovery. Today we aim to explain different types of hydration for you to better understand what works for your system and what does not.

When talking about hydration, different solutions have differing potency in their ability to draw hydration into the cells of our body. Hypertonic drinks are what we typically refer to as sports drinks. These solutions have a higher concentration of salt and sugar than the human body and are used by athletes to supplement carbohydrate intake and up muscle glycogen stores. During long distance events, they supplement to meet high energy demands but are not doing much in the way of actual hydration. In fact, it’s recommended that they be used in conjunction with Isotonic drinks (more on that in a bit) to help replace lost fluids.

Hypotonic drinks are also used by athletes who require fluid without a carbohydrate boost, like gymnasts, to quickly replace fluids lost by sweating. They contain a lower concentration of salt and sugar than the human body. However, neither of these types of solutions are going to be helpful for someone who is recovering from illness or someone who wants to get a hydration boost without all of the heavily refined, highly processed sugars.

An Isotonic solution has the same concentrations of sugars and salt found in the human body and for anyone who is in a state of dehydration or whose health is compromised, it is the ideal partner to restore proper levels of hydration. Water follows sodium. The concentration of sodium inside plasma has to be held to within close limits (132-152 mmol/l) for proper functioning of the body and normally, this sodium concentration is controlled by the kidneys. However, in a state of dehydration, water is conserved by not urinating and the sodium regulation cannot work effectively. In a stressed state, such as dehydration, the cells of the intestines are impaired and sodium cannot be effectively absorbed. re:iimmune® is an isotonic clinical strength hydration formula created to help treat mild-moderate dehydration. If you are battling dehydration while recovering from an illness, we hope you’ll set aside the sports drinks and give re:iimmune a try!

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